BASIC
LAND SURVEYING COURSE (SYLLABUS)
COURSE DETAILS
Introduction to Land Surveying 
1 
Introduction 
 
a) 
What is land surveying? Explain Plane & Geodetic Surveying, Field & Office Work. Use of surveying for boundary definition for construction, horizontal control & vertical control. 
b) 
Engineering, cadastral, hydrographic & photogrammetric Surveys 
 
2 
Principles of Surveying 
 
I) 
Trilateration 
II) 
Offsets 
III) 
Traversing 
IV) 
Intersection 
 
3 
The Surveyor’ Work 
 
a) 
Verify/establish horizontal & vertical controls 
b) 
Locating/refixing the positions of boundary marks in cadastral survey 
c) 
Carry out a topographical survey 
d) 
Horizontal & Vertical monitoring of structures, dams, tunnels etc 
e) 
Carry out a precomputation for a setting out survey 
f) 
Setting out building corners, roads, drains etc 

4 
Equipment 
 
a) 
Measurement of distance: tapes, chains, edmi 
b) 
Measurement of angles/bearings: theodolite, total stations, robotic systems 
c) 
Measurement of N,E,Z coordinates: GPS, Total station 
 
5 
Field Procedure 
 
a) 
Working from whole to part 
b) 
Recce 
c) 
Planning & obtaining datum for survey 
d) 
Observation & recording 
COURSE DURATION: 12 Hours 
Horizontal Control Survey 
1 
Establishing horizontals controls using total station &/or GPS 
 
a) 
Controls for setting out/traverses. 
b) 
Concept of true north, grid north, bearings, angles etc 
c) 
Linear measurement with tapes, chains, edmi 
d) 
Accuracies & errors in linear measurements 
e) 
Method of measuring angles, bearings & their associated errors & accuracies 
 
2 
Traverses 
 
a) 
Open & close traverses 
b) 
Datum to commence survey 
c) 
Cadastral survey traverse & connection to ISN marks 
 
3 
Computations 
 
a) 
Linear Misclose 
b) 
Precision & Accuracy 
c) 
Adjustments: Bowditch Rule, Transit Rule & Least Square 
d) 
Calculate setting out data 
e) 
Calculate areas & volumes 
f) 
Calculate clearances, distance, angles, coordinates 
COURSE DURATION: 48 Hours 
Vertical Control Survey 
1 
Ordinary leveling 
 
a) 
Basic knowledge & Equipment 
b) 
Principle of finding height/reduced levels 
c) 
Booking, calculations & checks 
d) 
Accuracy, precision & errors 
e) 
Adjustments 
 
2 
Permanent adjustment 
 
3 
Applications of leveling 
 
a) 
Long & cross sections 
b) 
Contouring 
c) 
Setting out proposed levels 
d) 
Monitoring of settlement markers 
COURSE DURATION: 18 Hours 
